Patents are the licensed protection of an invention, which cannot be made, used or sold by anyone else. This invention must be a novel and inventive product, method or substance.
Anyone that performs the aforesaid actions without the authorisation of the patent owner, will be subjected to patent infringement laws.
Some countries may have various patent applications. For example, China has two kinds of patents, whereby each is designed to entail a different class of invention:
- Invention Patent﹕any new technical solution relating to a product, process or improvement thereof.
Utility Model Patent: a new technical solution relating to the shape, the structure, or their combination, of a product, which is fit for practical use.
Importance of Patent Application
The patentee can be a sole supplier of the patented invention
- A third party is permitted to use the patented invention for licensing fees.
|Country||Patent Type||Required Time||Valid Period|
|Hong Kong||Standard (1st stage)||3-6 Months||20 Years|
|China||Invention||30-36 Months||20 Years|
|Utility Model||12-18 Months||10 Years|
|U.S.A.||Invention/ Utility Model||24-30 Months||20 Years|
|Design||10-12 Months||14 Years|
|E.U.||Invention||36-48 Months||20 Years|
|Design||4-6 Months||25 Years|
|Japan||Invention||24-30 Months||20 Years|
|Utility Model||8-12 Months||10 Years|
|Design||15-18 Months||20 Years|
|Korea||Invention||30-36 Months||20 Years|
|Utility Model||12-18 Months||15 Years|
|Design||10-15 Months||20 Years|